Essay on Diwali for Students in English

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most significant festivals celebrated by millions of people around the world. It holds great cultural and religious importance, primarily for Hindus, but it is also embraced by people from different faiths. Diwali symbolizes the victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance, and good over evil. This festival brings families and communities together to rejoice in the spirit of love, unity, and harmony. In this essay, we will delve into the significance, traditions, and celebrations associated with Diwali.

Significance of Diwali:

Diwali is derived from the Sanskrit word “Deepavali,” which means a row of lights. The lighting of lamps and candles during this festival symbolizes the triumph of righteousness and the dispelling of darkness from our lives. The festival is rooted in various mythological stories and legends. The most well-known tale is the return of Lord Rama, accompanied by his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, after their 14-year-long exile and their victory over the demon king Ravana. Diwali also commemorates the divine homecoming of Lord Krishna to Mathura after defeating the demon Narakasura. These stories exemplify the victory of good over evil, and Diwali serves as a reminder of the power of righteousness and truth.

5 Days of Long Diwali Celebration:

It is a five-day festival of lights that is celebrated every year in the month of October or November.

The first day of Diwali is called Dhanteras, which is dedicated to Lakshmi Puja, the goddess of wealth and prosperity. On this day, people clean their homes and businesses, buy new utensils and jewelry, and light diyas (earthen lamps) to welcome Lakshmi into their homes.

The second day of Diwali is called Naraka Chaturdashi, also known as Chhoti Diwali or Kali Chaudas. This day is dedicated to the destruction of the asura (demon) Narakasura by Krishna. People burn effigies of Narakasura to signify the victory of good over evil.

The third day of Diwali is the main day of the festival. It is called Lakshmi Puja or Balipratipada. On this day, people wake up early in the morning, take a bath, and dress in new clothes. They then visit temples to offer prayers to Lakshmi and Ganesha, the god of wisdom and remover of obstacles. In the evening, people light diyas and candles outside their homes and businesses to welcome Lakshmi. They also burst firecrackers to ward off evil spirits.

The fourth day of Diwali is called Govardhan Puja or Annakut Chaturdashi. This day is dedicated to Krishna’s defeat of Indra, the king of the gods. On this day, people offer prayers to Krishna and build a mountain of sweets called Annakut.

The fifth and final day of Diwali is called Bhai Duj or Vishwakarma Puja. This day is dedicated to the bond between brothers and sisters. On this day, sisters pray for the long life and prosperity of their brothers. Brothers give their sisters gifts and sweets.

Traditions and Preparations:

The preparations for Diwali begin weeks in advance. People clean their homes and decorate them with vibrant colors, rangoli (intricate patterns made with colored powders), and flowers. It is believed that cleanliness invites the blessings of Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity, into the household. Families also shop for new clothes and traditional Indian attire, signifying a fresh start and a sense of renewal.

On the day of Diwali, homes are beautifully illuminated with diyas (oil lamps) and decorative lights. The lighting of lamps not only adds to the festive atmosphere but also symbolizes the triumph of light over darkness and the awakening of spiritual consciousness. Fireworks are a common feature of Diwali celebrations, as they represent the joyous celebration of victory and the warding off of evil spirits.

Celebrations and Festivities:

Diwali is a time of immense joy and celebration. Families come together to perform puja (prayers) in their homes, seeking the blessings of deities such as Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi for wealth, prosperity, and well-being. Temples are adorned with flowers and lights, and devotees gather to offer their prayers and seek divine blessings.

One of the most anticipated aspects of Diwali is the exchange of gifts and sweets among family members, friends, and neighbors. This gesture fosters a sense of love, warmth, and goodwill. It is customary to prepare and share traditional sweets like ladoos, barfis, and jalebis, adding to the joyous spirit of the festival.

Furthermore, Diwali is also a time for cultural performances, dance, music, and traditional games. Communities organize vibrant processions, known as Ram Leela, depicting scenes from the epic Ramayana. These cultural events bring people together, reinforcing the sense of unity and shared heritage.


Diwali, the festival of lights, holds deep spiritual and cultural significance in the lives of millions of people worldwide. It serves as a reminder of the triumph of good over evil, the importance of knowledge and righteousness, and the celebration of love, unity, and joy. The festival brings families and communities closer, fostering a sense of togetherness and harmony. As we celebrate Diwali, let us embrace the values it represents and strive to spread light and happiness in the world around us.

Also Read: Mahatma Gandhi Essay for Students in English

FAQs: About Diwali

What is Diwali?

Diwali is a five-day festival of lights that is celebrated by Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, and some Buddhists. It is one of the most important festivals in India and is also celebrated in other parts of the world, such as Nepal, Sri Lanka, and the United Kingdom.

When is Diwali celebrated?

Diwali is celebrated in the month of October or November, depending on the lunar calendar. The exact date of Diwali varies from year to year.

What are the different names of Diwali?

Diwali is also known by many other names, including Deepavali, Deepmala, Jyoti Deepam, and Yama Deepam.

What are the symbols of Diwali?

The most common symbols of Diwali are diyas (small clay lamps), rangolis (decorative designs made on the ground with colored rice flour), fireworks, and sweets. Diyas symbolize the victory of light over darkness, while rangolis are believed to bring good luck and prosperity. Fireworks are used to celebrate the festival and sweets are exchanged as gifts.

What are the customs and traditions of Diwali?

The customs and traditions of Diwali vary from region to region. However, some common customs include:

i) Lighting diyas and fireworks
ii) Decorating homes with rangolis
iii) Visiting temples to pray to Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity
iv) Exchanging gifts
v) Eating special foods, such as laddoos, barfis, and gulab jamuns
vi) Playing games
vii) Spending time with family and friends

What are some of the foods that are eaten during Diwali?

There are many special foods that are eaten during Diwali, such as:

i) Laddoos
ii) Barfis
iii) Gulab jamuns
iv) Kheer (rice pudding)
v) Puris (deep-fried flatbreads)
vi) Pakodas (fritters)
vii) Samosas (fried pastries)

How is Diwali celebrated in different parts of India?

The way Diwali is celebrated varies from region to region in India. In some parts of the country, people fast for the first day of Diwali. In other parts, people play games such as gambling and card games. In some parts, people dress up in traditional clothes and go to the temple to pray. In other parts, people set off fireworks and light diyas.

What are some of the ways to celebrate Diwali in the United States?

There are many ways to celebrate Diwali in the United States. Some people light diyas and fireworks in their homes. Others attend community Diwali events, such as festivals and concerts. Still others cook traditional Diwali foods and share them with friends and family.

What are some of the cultural significance of Diwali?

Diwali is a time for celebration and joy. It is a time for people to come together and forget their differences. It is also a time for people to reflect on the past year and look forward to the year ahead.

What are some of the religious significance of Diwali?

Diwali is a festival of lights, and it is celebrated by many different religions. For Hindus, Diwali marks the victory of good over evil and light over darkness. For Jains, Diwali marks the attainment of moksha (liberation) by Mahavira, the founder of Jainism. For Sikhs, Diwali marks the release of Guru Hargobind Singh from imprisonment.

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